Burston, J. (2014). The Reality of MALL: Still on the Fringes. CALICO Journal, 31(1), 103–125.
Note: Calico Journal articles are open access 36 months after the date of publication.
This article reviews MALL (Mobile-Assisted Language Learning) implementation studies over the past 20 years and concludes that actual MALL integration, measured in terms of numbers of students, numbers of courses offered, language skills targeted remains marginal in the foreign language training sector. Having sounded this cautionary note about the current role of MALL in foreign language training the author notes that the technologies and pedagogical capabilities are in fact in place to move MALL from the margins to the mainstream of foreign language teaching.